========================================================

 

NEW! The Second City 25 Years (from CBC. 1998):
Starring Joe Flaherty, Robin Duke, Dave Foley,

Jennifer Irwin, Eugene Levy, Patrick McKenna,

Jenny Parsons, Dave Thomas and Martin Short

(MOV file, Quicktime compatible)

 


================SCTV FAQ v. 1.2==========================

 

 

 

Contents

 

1.0 General

1.1 What is a FAQ?

1.2 Where can I find this FAQ?

1.3 What does SCTV stand for and what is it?

1.4 How many shows were there?

1.5 Where can I find reruns of the series?

1.6 Where can I find scripts of the skits?

1.7 What awards has SCTV won to date?

2.0 Cast

2.1 Who was in the cast of SCTV?

2.2 What is the "Godspell"  connection?

2.3 What are the "Saturday Night Live" connections?

2.4 Who has guest-starred on the show?

2.5 Whatever happened to the cast members?

3.0 Skits

3.1 Which impersonations have been done on the show?

3.2 What was the original premise for the show?

3.3 What's the story behind ________ (skit)?

    (a) Ben Hur

    (b) Tex and Edna Boil's Emporium

    (c) Count Floyd

    (d) Floyd Robertson & Earl Camembert

    (e) The Great White North (aka Canadian Corner)

    (f) Libby Wolfson

    (g) Mort Finkel [on Sunrise Semester]

    (h) Shake & Bake

    (i) Lin Ye Tang (not the orange drink!)

    (j) The Happy Wanderers (Yosh & Stan Shmengie)

    (k) Sid Dithers

    (l) Johnny LaRue

    (m) Dr. Tongue

    (n) Ed Grimley

    (o) Farm Report

    (p) Days of the Week

    (q) Edith Prickley (station manager)

    (r) Pirini Scleroso

    (s) Sammy Maudlin

3.4 What are some other memorable characters and skits?

3.5 What are some of the memorable "plots"?

3.6 What spinoffs are there of SCTV skits?

4.0 Miscellanea

4.1 How'd the expression "hoser" come about?

4.2 Where is Melonville?

4.3 What does the Indian symbol represent?

4.4 What are some SCTV in-jokes?

4.5 What references have been made to SCTV in pop culture?

5.0 Internet Resources

5.1 What material on SCTV is available on the internet?

5.2 Which SCTV'ers have e-mail and what are their addresses?

6.0 Further Resources

6.1 Where else can I learn more about SCTV?

 

1.0 General

 

1.1 What is a FAQ?

 

FAQ is an acronym for Frequently Asked Questions, which is a type of

document found throughout cyberspace that gives a brief overview of a

specific topic in a question-and-answer format.

 

1.2 Where can I find this FAQ?

 

If anyone volunteers to be the official SCTV FAQ Maintainer, he can

decide where it can be found and how often it will be posted. Ideally,

the FAQ would be posted on a regular basis to the usenet newsgroup

alt.sctv, alt.answers and news.answers. It would also be great if they'd

put the SCTV FAQ in the official depository of FAQs on the WWW at

http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/hypertext/faq/usenet/top.html. I can't

arrange that myself, 'cause every time I try, they tell me I'm doing

something wrong in my formatting.

 

1.3 What does SCTV stand for and what is it?

 

SCTV is an acronym (yes, another one) for Second City TeleVision - a

program that lasted 7 years (combining Global, CBC, NBC and Cinemax

incarnations) and was based on the Second City style of comedy.

 

Second City is the name of two improvisation comedy clubs - the original

in Chicago, the second one in Toronto (on Lombard St. at the Old Firehall

[it's called the old firehall because it was a firehall before the city

sold it]).

 

The style was described this way by late SNL/SC alumnus John Belushi: "In

L.A. or New York, people look into the camera and forget to relate to the

other performers. Here, it's a family. Ensemble acting, that's what

Second City teaches you." The troupes took their name from a negative

article called "Chicago, the Second City" by A. J. Liebling (_New

Yorker_, 1951).

 

1.4 How many shows were there?

 

Between 1976 and 1983, there were 72 30-minute episodes, 42 90-minute

shows and 18 45-minute shows.

 

1.5 Where can I find reruns of the series?

 

I can only speak for Toronto (if you know of broadcast info elsewhere,

send it to the FAQ maintainer). Showcase airs 30-minute episodes M-F at

7:30 PM. CITY-TV airs 30-minute shows M-F at 3:00 PM.

 

1.6 Where can I find scripts of the skits?

 

There are three scripts in Allan Gould's _The Great Big Book of Canadian

Humour_ (Macmillan: Toronto), 1992. "Canadian Play" (pg. 51-55),

"Wheetabix" (pg. 94-97) and "Scraborough Bluffs" (pg. 231-234). Once in a

while, there will be a TV special that has alumni redoing old skits. A

Canadian special about a _Godspell_ production had a few.

 

1.7 What awards has SCTV won to date?

 

SCTV has garnered 13 Emmy nominations, 2 Emmy awards for best writing for

a variety, musical or comedy, 3 ACTRA nominations, 2 ACTRA awards and in

1995 won a special Gemini award (Lifetime Achievement?).

 

 

2.0 Cast

 

2.1 Who was in the cast of SCTV?

 

The original performing cast of SCTV was the late John Candy, Joe

Flaherty, Eugene Levy, Andrea Martin, Catherine O'Hara, Harold Ramis and

Dave Thomas (who did the roll call). Around the second season, Harold

Ramis left and JC, CO'H, and AM became less available. Tony Rosato, Robin

Duke and Rick Moranis were brought in. Around 1982, Martin Short also

joined the cast.

 

2.2 What  is the "Godspell"  connection?

 

"Godspell" was a musical that played at Toronto's Bayview Playhouse in

1973. Among its cast were Paul Schaffer (David Letterman's band leader),

Gilda Radner (who went on to SNL), Martin Short, Eugene Levy, Dave Thomas

and Andrea Martin (who was called in as a replacement). Author Donna

McCrohan sees an additional significance besides the "meeting of comedic

minds": "_Godspell_ would prove an excellent training ground for Second

City hopefuls - improvisation and mimicry were encouraged during rehearsals."

 

2.3 What are the "Saturday Night Live" connections?

 

RD and MS were cast members of both shows. SNLer Bill Murray guest

starred on SCTV. SCTVers have guested on SNL. Dan Ackroyd and JC joined

SNLer Gilda Radner, EL, JF, CO'H, DT and AM in Toronto's SC. Oh, and

like both shows were successful 'cause they had so many Canadians in

them, eh? (Lorne Michaels produces SNL). For a look at a great SNL page,

point your web browser to http://ccwf.cc.utexas.edu/~serpas/snl.html.

 

2.4 Who has guest-starred on the show? (not complete)

 

Hall & Oates, Bill Murray, Robin Williams, Carol Burnett, Kenny Loggins

(?), Al Jereau (?)

 

2.5 Whatever happened to the cast members?

 

There is a list of credits to date at the Internet Movie Database. Its URL

is: http://us.imdb.com. If someone wants a profile, but does not have WWW

access, e-mail me and I'll e-mail the profile you want to you.

 

3.0 Skits

 

3.1 Which impersonations have been done on the show? (not complete)

 

JC - Orson Welles, Richard Burton, Divine, Julia Child, Jerry Mathers,

Luciano Pavorotti, Michael Caine

JF - William F. Buckley, Carl Sagan, Peter O'Toole, Tony Bennett, Lloyd

Robertson (as Floyd on the SCTV News; debatable)

EL - Lon Chaney, Alex Trebek, Perry Como

AM - Joyce Dewitt, Barbara Streisand, Bernadette Peters, Liza Minelli

RM - Merv Griffin, Woody Allen, David Brinkley, George Carlin, Joel Silver

CO'H - Katherine Hepburn, Brooke Shields, Meryl Streep

MS - Jerry Lewis, Brock (Brian) Linehan, Pierre Trudeau (that was our PM,

for you Yankee know-nothings), Gore Vidal, Robin Williams, Martina

Nuritalova, Mr. Rogers, Dustin Hoffman, Catherine Hepburn

DT - Colonel Sanders, Walter Cronkite, Bob Hope, Richard Harris, Steven

Spielberg, Phil Donahue, Randy Newman, Liberace, Neil Simon

 

3.2 What was the original premise for the show?

 

Bernie Sahlins: "The format was a sort of impoverished TV station which

did programs in slavish imitation of everybody else. In the end, the only

modification from what we originally planned was that originally, we were

thinking in terms of an ongoing story. But after we shot the first one,

no matter how we tried to edit it, we could not make both the story and

the bits form any kind of organic whole, so we threw out the story and

the bits worked."

 

3.3 What's the story behind ________ (skit)?

    (a) Ben Hur

Harold Ramis: "Once we decided to do the piece, we spent so much money on

it, we couldn't afford to do any other pieces, basically. So we ended up

stretching it to a full half hour, and the piece was so dull when we

rehearsed it. JC was trying to do Charleton Heston as Ben Hur and he did

a line as Curly from the Three Stooges, probably just to be funny, and we

said, yeah do it that way. That was the turning point."

    (b) Tex and Edna Boil's Emporium

Donna McCrohan (DM): "Tex (DT) played the organ. Edna (AM) pitched sales in

her best dime tore pants suit, with a sing-song voice stiff enough to split

a biscuit. They were every bit as grating as the cheap local TV

commercials they parodied."

    (c) Count Floyd

DM: "an actor (JF) in a cheap vampire costume, crooning in a bad

Transylvanian accent, pitching horror movies on the local station's

kiddie-fest _Monster Chiller Horror Theater_...the Count is reduced to

hyping whatever is on the shelves. When the movie is over, he makes a few

feeble attempts at post-hype...then apologizes for the choice of films,

and says they'll do better next week, which of course, they never do."

Floyd's also half of SCTV's news team [see 3(d) below].

    (d) Floyd Robertson & Earl Camembert

DM: "The news team had grown out of a stage piece, "Big News, Little News".

Floyd (JF) got all the big items. Earl (EL) got all the little items. The

two were generally infighting more than they were reporting current events."

Some say Floyd was modelled after CFTO (Toronto) news anchor Lloyd

Robertson and that Earl Camambert was modeled after Earl Cameron. Dave

Thomas says this was not so.

    (e) The Great White North (aka Canadian Corner)

DT: "Andrew (Alexander) came into our offices on Richard Street one day.

JF and I were the head writers at the time. And Andrew said the CBC

(Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) wanted Canadian content in the show.

I said, 'What do you mean, Canadian content? We're going to Alberta to

shoot it. It's going to be a complete Canadian production. There are only

a couple of Americans in the cast. How much more Canadian can it get? Do

you want us to put up a map of Canada and sit in front of it drinking

beer, wearing toques and parkas?' He said that would be great and we

compromised and put a Mountie beer mug on the set (if you've got  Mountie

in a sketch, that somehow resolves the content problem)."

DM: "Each McKenzie Brothers scene was totally improvised. When the rest

of the cast had left for the day, they'd go down to minimal crew, with RM

and DT sitting in front of the map, extemporizing.

DT: "Rick and I would do maybe twenty to thirty of these in a row, until

we couldn't do any more. Each one was two minutes long...Either one of us

would just go with what the other guy said and try to make it go

somewhere. If it didn't go anywhere, it became one of the lost Bob and

Dougs. Out of the twenty or thirty that we would tape maybe five or six

of them would be usable and the rest thrown out." DT and RM are both real

Canadians. Personally, I think RCAF's "A Canadian Moment" has some

resemblance to "Great White North".

    (f) Libby Wolfson

AM: "RM and I became very friendly and he said one day, as we were

improvising a scene and he was laughing hysterically, 'Why don't you just

do a character that's close to you?' I said, 'Oh, Rick. I can't.' He took

a pen and said, 'You just talk. Don't even think about it. I'll write it

down.' That's how Libby Wolfson got started. Very concerned about her

weight, her breath, her underarms, and we made her into a talk show

hostess. I made her more neurotic than I am, but really, she came out of

my own idiosyncracies."

    (g) Mort Finkel [on Sunrise Semester]

HR: "It occurred to me to do do-it-yourself dentistry with Mort Finkel...

I had gone with the device of, since you won't be licenced to give

yourself shots of Novocain, use shots of rum instead. Someone always got

stuck with doing the last piece of the day...So I was the last one this

time, and it was late. In the scene, I drank these shots of rum, then

swigged from the bottle at the end. And the crew put real rum in the shot

glasses. I actually got really drunk. When I see that piece now, I can

see myself sort of gagging on the straight rum, and then sort of

finishing the piece with really glassy eyes. I actually got through the

piece. I did not make a mistake. Because I just wanted to get home."

    (h) Shake & Bake (William Shakespeare and Francis Bacon)

DM: "In it the pair (DT and RM) frantically dash off lines backstage and

throw them to the actors. The actors return after saying the lines and

being pelted with vegetables. It came from DT's perception of the

personality of Shakespeare 'as a guy saying 'Yeah, I can write that play'

and just be a sweating weasel trying to get the job done, and having

Francis Bacon as a friend he could bounce ideas off of.'"

    (i) Lin Ye Tang (not the orange drink!)

DM: "Lin Ye Tang (DT) began as a series of improv sets on stage. Thomas

would take questions from the audience, answering them as the prime

minister of Vietnam and a string of other Oriental aliases. SCTV's Lin Ye

Tang was a master of Oriental wisdom and martial arts [Schtick Fu?].

Thomas as Lin never appeared the same way twice.

DT: "The joke in the cast was they never found a way to make me look

Oriental. Each time I did it, I'd try another look. I never did get it.

JF called it The Many faces of Lin Ye Tang. HR thought of it as an

ongoing evolution that never evolved."

    (j) The Happy Wanderers (Yosh & Stan Shmengie)

EL: "_Schmenge_ was a word we'd been using right along, as in the

sentence, 'He is a real schmenge.'...Sometime later, John and I one

Sunday afternoon were up in his hotel room, watching television, trying

to come up with a scene. We were watching these two horrible guys and

said 'Wow, there's a couple of schmenges.' The light bulbs kind of went

on at the same time, and we looked at each other. 'The Schmenge Brothers?

What do you think? Is there something there? A polka band?'"

    (k) Sid Dithers

DM: "Sid Dithers began with a parody of the Sunday morning religious

program _Lamp Unto My Feet_ (SCTV's "Match Unto My Feet")"

EL: "The scene took four or five hours to do. When I watched the

playback, I found myself more and more reclined in my seat, so by the end

of the scene, I seemed to be lower than when I started. The look was kind

of funny...he'd just get shorter and shorter as the shows went on."

DM: "Dithers, in a constant state of perplexity so complete that he all

but had (?) for eyeballs, went on to appear in such gripping roles as the

drill sergeant in "An Officer and a Gentile".

    (l) Johnny LaRue (JC)

DM: "a dissipated, out-of shape fitness show host who smoked while doing

the workouts. One exercise consisted of opening and closing the

refrigerator. The exertion sent his heart into overdrive. The onstage

Johnny LaRue expanded to include the backstage Johnny LaRue as obnoxious

pawn in station politics who one minute figured to call the shots, and

the next was whimpering to save his job.

    (m) Dr. Tongue (JC)

DM: "In "The Uncle Silvio Show" on the Chicago stage, Tino Insara was

Silvio, the kid's show host. Dr. Tongue was the special guest,

accompanied by his pantomimed snakes. 'Well, what have we here, Dr.

Tongue?' Then Dr. Tongue would expand on the snake and skip rope with it.

On SCTV, Dr. Tongue had the kid's show and hosted cheap-o 3-D movies -

obtaining the effects by leaning towards the camera and back, vainly

attempting to menace the lens with some totally inoccuous object."

    (n) Ed Grimley

MS: "Ed Grimley came from the revue that was in progress when I joined,

called _The Wizard of Ossington_. There was a piece called "Sexist" and

the premise was two people applying for one job. The guy I played...is a

moron. I started to call this character Ed Grimley. I based him on a few

people I knew. Things happen over the course of doing a piece in a run...

I remember one time...I kind of bared my teeth by accident. The audience

laughed...So that teeth-baring became part of the character. Then I used

to grease my hair a little bit to give a bad look. I remember Peter

(Ackroyd) laughing one night and saying, 'It keeps getting higher every

time you do this.' So as a joke I came out with it completely up and I

felt, well, that got a laugh. I'll keep it in. And Ed Grimley just kind

of evolved."

    (o) Farm Report

RM: "In the beginning, it was simply an early morning show. 'Good morning

farmers. It's six AM. I call you farmers because who the hell else is up

at this hour?' The hot news was the price of pork bellies and hog lips.

It progressed to a "Farm Film Report" in which the farmers review current

films and liked them, or not, depending on whether anything got blowed

up, blowed up real good."

    (p) Days of the Week

DM: "When SCTV went to NBC, there was talk that it might be nice to

create something easy to shoot, with sets that could be reused, and the

chance to log several scenes in one taping session. EL developed and

wrote the soap opera "Days of the Week", in which he revealed his

considerable and much appreciated talent for writing female parts as

deftly as those for male cast members. Real guest stars wandered in from

time to time."

    (q) Edith Prickley (station manager)

AM: "CO'H's mother had that leopard jacket and hat and CO'H, as we all

did, brought costumes that we kept backstage in this makeshift cupboard,

and we pulled things out from this assortment of costumes when characters

indicated it. So I just happened to put on this leopard jacket, and this

hat, which I'd never used before. Playing the parent of a delinquent boy,

I knocked on the door, walked in and CO'H said, 'You must be --' and I

said 'Edith' and she said 'Prickley'. I said 'Yes, Edith Prickley.' As

soon as she said the name, the costume sort of worked with the name."

    (r) Pirini Scleroso

DM: "In a scene called "English Lesson", AM portrayed that most dedicated

of language students, Pirini Scleroso. Pirini spoke no English.

Her teacher was of the new school of linguistics instruction - say the

same thing clearly, over and over again, and the student will mimic you

until she gets it right...She came close to every inflection, with

phrases as least as lurid as "Why risky bops?" ("Where is the bus") and

"York McGee Reggae" (You're giving me a headache"). While teacher went

slowly crazy, Pirini took pride in her progress."

    (s) Sammy Maudlin

DM: "The Sammy Maudlin concept and crew came from a stage piece developed

when SC played Pasadena. Host Sammy Maudlin (JF) and lackey William B

(JC) drooled over shallow guests, favorites being Mr. Comedy himself,

Bobby Bitman (EL) and COH's Lola Heatherton (who conveys affection of the

mildest sort with, 'I want to bear your children. WAhahahahaha'). The

scene begins with a talk show of turgid, reciprocal fawning. Then Lola

comes out and blasts veryone for being so phony. With this, she wins

their applause for their forthrightness."

 

3.4 What are some other memorable characters and skits? (not complete)

 

Gerry Todd (RM), Guy Caballero (JF), Tommy Shanks (JC), Undercover

Mountie (HR), Cheryl Kinsey (AM), Captain Combat (a spoof of Captain

Kangaroo) (DT), critic Bill Needle (DT)

 

3.5 What are some of the memorable "plots"? (not complete)

 

SCTV on Strike - Canadian programming

SCTV hijcked by CCCP1 - Russian programming

TV Wars - The Godfather

 

3.6 What spinoffs are there of SCTV skits?

 

_The Great White North Album_ (which won a Juno for Best Comedy Album)

_Strange Brew_ (film) (which won the Golden Reel Award in 1983); a sequel

is in the works

_Strange Brew_ - a Methuen book (1983, 48 pgs.)

"Power to the Punk People (Polka)" (video)

HBO _The Schmnge Brothers' The Last Polka_ (1985)

_The Completely Mental Misadventures of Ed Grimley_ (1988)

 

4.0 Miscellanea

 

4.1 How'd the expression "hoser" come about?

 

DT: "We found ourselves in a situation, being guided by standards and

practices, and needing some sort of expletives to deal with each other

the way these brothers (McKenzie) would in real life but couldn't on the

air. This was sort of our alternate language. I had heard the verb _to

hose_, which had various connotations, as all those obscure words do.

_Hoser_ we came up with specifically for the shows."

 

4.2 Where is Melonville?

 

The town is wholly fictitious, made up by JF. However, someone on a.t.s.

wrote that he is working on a map based upon the show's skits and his own

guesstimations of where things would be located in Melonville. I forget

who and haven't heard if it was completed.

 

4.3 What does the Indian symbol represent?

 

John Finney aka Antman <jmfinney@ucdavis.edu> suggested that,

 

"Although Dave T. would probably be the final source on this, I would venture

to say that the Indian head test pattern was used to demonstrate the

amateur status of their "network", as if they didn't have enough $$ for a

"real" logo. Instead, they just used the cheap test pattern laying around

the studio, which is normally used for offline video calibration of the

signal transmitters."

 

"SCTV's love for hokey, ham-handed sets and props are legendary, from "The

Great White North set (and it's thick-headed hosts) to CCCP1's "Today is

Moscow", with the new Soviet mini-cam. More importantly, Guy Cabellero's

image as a penny-pinching tyrant helped illustrate the aura of

"un-professional" television: the fiasco of Johnny LaRue's crane shot, the

Fred Willard check-kiting scam, the rescue of the jammed US satellite by

Dr. Tongue and Bruno. After the third season, they finally got their own

intro!"

 

4.4 What are some SCTV injokes?

 

In the "Six-Gun Justice" serials, Eugene Levy played a character based on

old-time Western hero Tom Mix.  This in itself is simply trivia.  But

what you may NOT know is that Levy's character is named "Don Mills",

which is the name of a street and community in Toronto.

 

In the sketch "Shakespeare's Greatest Jokes", Joe Flaherty identifies

himself as Sheldon Patinkin (who was an SCTV producer) and Dave Thomas

calls himself "Bernard Sahlins (an SCTV producer who goes back to Second

City's earliest days).

 

Bill van Heerden

bv374@freenet.toronto.on.ca

 

Nearly all SCTV promos for on-air satirical promos were tagged with

"Thursday nite at 9". Obviously every show that appeared on SCTV couldn't

air at the same time but they are promoted that way. Why? Because I was

the voice over announcer for nearly everything in the first two seasons -

for no extra pay - and I just felt like it. That's also why I tagged my

own credit "and Dave Thomas as the Beaver" - because I was alone in an

announce booth and I felt like it.

 

Once John Ritter asked me why we shot him in "Shoot the Stars" ( I played

Ritter). He thought it was because we were mocking him. We weren't. He is

a superb physical comic. We shot him because we felt like it.

 

also

 

Moe Green (Harold Ramis)- named after the Godfather Moe Green played by

Alex Rocco.

 

Take off (Mckenzie Bros) = fuck off

 

Red Rooster (CCCP 1) = Alan Rucker, SCTV Producer

 

Libby Wolfson's husband( I forget his name but Rick played him) = Barry

Sand - SCTV Producer later Letterman producer before Morty.

 

Dave Thomas

 

4.5 What references have been made to SCTV in pop culture?

 

In the credits of _Canadian Bacon_, Michael Moore thanks "Johnny Larue"

for helping to get their crane shot.

 

In a 1984(?) issue of _Captain America_, the thugs refer to each other by

their surnames, which are the same as the cast of SCTV (e.g. take him to

chamber 13, Moranis!")

 

5.0 Internet Resources

 

5.1 What material on SCTV is available on the internet?

 

In addition to the Internet Movie databse (mentioned earlier),

 

I can't comment on this. I've never gotten it to work.

 

SCTV: Second City television

Graphics, cast info.

 

SCTV Lives   http://members.aol.com/benyl

 

SCTV (with season lists)   http://members.aol.com/huspomike/deSC.html

 

There was once a post claiming that seevots mailto:seevots@aol.com is said

to have a sketch list, but I think the e-mail address is no longer valid.

 

5.2 Which SCTV'ers have e-mail and what are their addresses?

 

To date, the only one known of is a guy calling himself Dave Thomas,

who's e-mail address is mailto:SBZA48A@prodigy.com. It is the group's

consensus (well, most of us) that this is indeed the real Mccoy (real

McKenzie?)

 

5.3 Is there a real "SCTV"?

 

There are three.

 

There is a SCTV Building in Winslow, ME. Also, State Cable TeleVision.

You can find them on the internet by doing a simple webcrawler search.

 

I also found SCTV Homepage

http://www.sctv.co.id

Someone wrote to tell me that this has nothing to do with the conedy SCTV;

I forget what the acronym is for.

 

6.0 Further Resources

 

6.1 Where else can I learn more about SCTV?

 

Donna McCrohan has written an excellent book called _The Second City: A

Backstage History of Comedy's Hottest Troupe-_ (Perigree: New York), 1987.

 

Dave Thomas has just written _SCTV Behind the Scenes_ (McClelland and

Stewart, 1996). During November (1996), he'll be promoting it.

 

This FAQ is Copyright (C) 1996 by Steven M. Bergson and Donna McCrohan.

This work, in whole or in part, may not be sold in any medium, including

but not limited to, electronic, CD-ROM, or in print, without the explicit

written permission of Steven M. Bergson.

 

Permission is hereby granted to quote reasonable extracts from this work,

provided that proper attribution is given. You may also distribute this

work (subject to the conditions above) in its entirety via e-mail, ftp

(file transfer protocol), and the worldwide web (WWW), provided that the

work is distributed in its entirety (including header information) and

remains unaltered. Please let me know if you are making the FAQ available

throogh ftp or WWW.

 

Address any comments questions or suggestions to Steve at

sbergson@julian.uwo.ca.

 

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